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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: Three scenarios of conservation decision-making. (1) ‘Truth or science conservation’ where scientific evidence is the only factor influencing decision-making in a technocratic scenario, (2) ‘Post-normal conservation’ where scientific evidence influences decision-making alongside lay or indigenous knowledges, and is also influenced by values/beliefs, power, stakeholder interests, justice, and pragmatics, (3) ‘Post-truth conservation’ where decisions are based on values/beliefs, power, stakeholder interests, justice, beliefs, pragmatics, untruths, and possibly policy-based, selective evidence (more selective than scenario 2, although evidence may also be used selectively in scenario 2)

Figure 1: Three scenarios of conservation decision-making. (1) ‘Truth or science conservation’ where scientific evidence is the only factor influencing decision-making in a technocratic scenario, (2) ‘Post-normal conservation’ where scientific evidence influences decision-making alongside lay or indigenous knowledges, and is also influenced by values/beliefs, power, stakeholder interests, justice, and pragmatics, (3) ‘Post-truth conservation’ where decisions are based on values/beliefs, power, stakeholder interests, justice, beliefs, pragmatics, untruths, and possibly policy-based, selective evidence (more selective than scenario 2, although evidence may also be used selectively in scenario 2)