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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 7: Process Net-Map results for the processes leading up to the establishment of the Mara scheme Note: Phase 1 (Koyiaki-Lemek Group Ranches): Distribution of tourism benefits (received by Trust and distributed to members) both directly and indirectly in the form of community projects. Inequitable distribution due to non-fixed payment amounts and infrequent payments. Inequitable access to community projects mainly enjoyed by privileged. Procedural inequity, due to ‘corrupt’ group ranch officials. Phase 2 (Group Ranch Subdivision): Trust collapses and 12 Wildlife Associations are formed. Community projects are discontinued and funding diverted towards land subdivision process. Phase 3 (Group Ranch Subdivision): Tourism revenues flow to Wildlife Associations. Distributional equity uneven as different associations offer varying amounts of cash benefits. Phase 4 (Land Privatisation): Land privatised into relatively equal parcels for all on the ranch register. Establishment of conservancy through land consolidation allowing landowners to receive direct cash benefits. Overall improvement in distributional equity. Phase 5 (Institutional arrangement for benefit-sharing): Lease contracts signed between landowners and landholding company to enable the fixed distribution of benefits through direct monthly bank transfers. Distributional equity ensured, with exception of women. Phase 6 (Institutional arrangement for decision-making processes): Key actors involved in decision-making elected but complaints of negligence and exclusion

Figure 7: Process Net-Map results for the processes leading up to the establishment of the Mara scheme
Note: Phase 1 (Koyiaki-Lemek Group Ranches): Distribution of tourism benefits (received by Trust and distributed to members) both directly and indirectly in the form of community projects. Inequitable distribution due to non-fixed payment amounts and infrequent payments. Inequitable access to community projects mainly enjoyed by privileged. Procedural inequity, due to ‘corrupt’ group ranch officials. Phase 2 (Group Ranch Subdivision): Trust collapses and 12 Wildlife Associations are formed. Community projects are discontinued and funding diverted towards land subdivision process. Phase 3 (Group Ranch Subdivision): Tourism revenues flow to Wildlife Associations. Distributional equity uneven as different associations offer varying amounts of cash benefits. Phase 4 (Land Privatisation): Land privatised into relatively equal parcels for all on the ranch register. Establishment of conservancy through land consolidation allowing landowners to receive direct cash benefits. Overall improvement in distributional equity. Phase 5 (Institutional arrangement for benefit-sharing): Lease contracts signed between landowners and landholding company to enable the fixed distribution of benefits through direct monthly bank transfers. Distributional equity ensured, with exception of women. Phase 6 (Institutional arrangement for decision-making processes): Key actors involved in decision-making elected but complaints of negligence and exclusion