Conservation and Society

ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 426--438

Climbing the Ladder of Participation: Symbolic or Substantive Representation in Preparing Uganda for REDD+?


Robert Mbeche 
 Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya

Correspondence Address:
Robert Mbeche
Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi
Kenya

The United Nations (UN) and World Bank programme for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Deforestation (REDD) plus improving forest governance (REDD+) promotes carbon-emission reductions and sustainable forest management. The World Bank and the UN require developing countries to prepare for REDD+ via a consultation process with input from indigenous and forest-dependent peoples. This article focuses on stakeholder consultations carried out under the Ugandan REDD+ preparation process, examining whether these fulfill the conditions necessary for substantive local democratic representation. The article shows that even though REDD+ claims to be democratic and participatory, the Uganda program allows the input of only a few selected stakeholders – mainly the government actors and a limited number of NGOs. Further, despite claiming to be democratic and participatory, the program privileges REDD+'s programmatic goals over democratic procedures. In this context, the REDD+ consultations serve largely to—1) 'educate' the participants to secure their support in implementing the 'technical' aspects of the programme, 2) help the government to legitimise its REDD+ strategy; and 3) speed up the implementation of the REDD+ programme despite the lack of substantive representation.


How to cite this article:
Mbeche R. Climbing the Ladder of Participation: Symbolic or Substantive Representation in Preparing Uganda for REDD+?.Conservat Soc 2017;15:426-438


How to cite this URL:
Mbeche R. Climbing the Ladder of Participation: Symbolic or Substantive Representation in Preparing Uganda for REDD+?. Conservat Soc [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Jan 26 ];15:426-438
Available from: http://www.conservationandsociety.org/article.asp?issn=0972-4923;year=2017;volume=15;issue=4;spage=426;epage=438;aulast=Mbeche;type=0