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Conservation and Society
An interdisciplinary journal exploring linkages between society, environment and development
Conservation and Society
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REVIEW
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 298-310

A Review of Ecological Restoration Research in the Global South and North to Promote Knowledge Dialogue


1 Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi - CENAC (APN), San Carlos de Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina
2 Centro Austral de Investigaciones Científicas (CADIC), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET); Instituto de Cultura, Sociedad y Estado (ICSE), Universidad Nacional de Tierra del Fuego (UNTDF), Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina
3 School of Earth and Sustainability, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
4 Laboratorio de Estudios del Antropoceno, Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Región del Bío Bío; Centro para el Impacto Socioeconómico de las Políticas Ambientales (CESIEP), Iniciativa Científica Milenio, Santiago, Región Metropolitana, Chile
5 Centro Austral de Investigaciones Científicas (CADIC), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET); Instituto de Ciencias Polares, Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (ICPA), Universidad Nacional de Tierra del Fuego (UNTDF), Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina

Correspondence Address:
Christopher B Anderson
Centro Austral de Investigaciones Científicas (CADIC), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET); Instituto de Ciencias Polares, Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (ICPA), Universidad Nacional de Tierra del Fuego (UNTDF), Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego
Argentina
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cs.cs_19_91

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To determine global trends in ecological restoration (ER) research, we conducted a geographically-explicit English-language literature review. We assessed a representative sample (n=603) of publications that use the ER concept (n=8,678). Only 19.2% (n=118) were explicit ER studies, and these were evaluated to determine geographic location, research framework, ER paradigm, journal disciplinary orientation, article type, disturbance factor studied, and ER-response measurements. The Global North produced 2x more studies than the South, and ecological research frameworks predominated overall. However, significantly more Southern studies operated under a postmodern paradigm (i.e., addressing ecosystem processes, functions and health) than in the North, where more studies sought to reconstitute pre-disturbance biotic assemblages (i.e., classical paradigm). Both regions published mostly in natural science journals, but significantly more in the North; in the South, there were significantly more publications in engineering journals. An incipient socio-ecological research framework was detected in the North (23.1%) and South (32.5%), but social science studies were only found in the North (11.5%). Plus, the North had significantly more conceptual publications. Opportunities exist in both regions to enhance a holistic ER perspective. Southern scientists and practitioners could pay attention to context-specific concepts and approaches. Understanding global and regional ER research trends can contribute to improving theoretical, practical and ethical outcomes.


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