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Conservation and Society
An interdisciplinary journal exploring linkages between society, environment and development
Conservation and Society
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ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 287-298

The Politics of Natural Resource Enclosure in South Africa and Ecuador


1 Lund University Centre of Excellence for the Integration of Social and Natural Dimensions of Sustainability (LUCID), Lund, Sweden; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS), Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Centre for Civil Society (CCS), University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), South Africa
2 Lund University Centre of Excellence for the Integration of Social and Natural Dimensions of Sustainability (LUCID), Lund; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS), Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Correspondence Address:
Melissa Hansen
Lund University Centre of Excellence for the Integration of Social and Natural Dimensions of Sustainability (LUCID), Lund, Sweden; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS), Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Centre for Civil Society (CCS), University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), South Africa

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-4923.170406

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The paper examines the ways in which states facilitate 'new enclosures' of natural resources, and the challenges of this as a strategy of development and environmental sustainability. We argue that enclosures introduce significant changes in property regimes, which redefine conditions for the access and control of land and forest, especially for tribal and indigenous communities. In this context, we analyse two state-initiated projects-the iSimangaliso Wetland Park in South Africa, a UNESCO World Heritage site, and the Socio Bosque incentive conservation programme in Ecuador.


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