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Conservation and Society
An interdisciplinary journal exploring linkages between society, environment and development
Conservation and Society
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ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 265-274

Locating Human-Wildlife Interactions: Landscape Constructions and Responses to Large Carnivore Conservation in India and Norway


1 Department of International Environment and Development (Noragric), Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB), Norway
2 Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), Norway
3 Suri Sehgal Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE), Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunetro Ghosal
Department of International Environment and Development (Noragric), Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB)
Norway
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-4923.170403

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People's reactions to large carnivores take many forms, ranging from support and coexistence to resistance and conflict. While these reactions are the outcome of many different factors, in this paper we specifically explore the link between social constructions of landscapes and divergent responses to large carnivore presence. We compare case studies from four different landscapes shared by people and large carnivores, in India and Norway. We use social construction of landscapes as a key concept to explore responses to large carnivores in the context of ecological, economic, social, and cultural changes in these areas. Based on this comparison, we argue that the process of change is complex, with a plurality of responses from the groups affected by it. The response to large carnivore presence is influenced by many different factors, of which the interpretation of change-particularly landscape change-plays a significant role.


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