Home       About us   Issues     Search     Submission Subscribe   Contact    Login 
Conservation and Society
An interdisciplinary journal exploring linkages between society, environment and development
Conservation and Society
Users Online: 549 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size

ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 200-211

The Neutral State: A Genealogy of Ecosystem Service Payments in Costa Rica


1 Geography and Environmental Systems, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA
2 Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Llandinam, Aberystwyth, United Kingdom
3 Department of Geography, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA

Correspondence Address:
David M Lansing
Geography and Environmental Systems, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD
USA
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-4923.164206

Rights and Permissions

Using the case of Costa Rica, this paper examines how 'carbon' became an identifiable problem for that state. We trace how, during the 1980s, rationalities of financialisation and security arose in this country that allowed for Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) to emerge as an economic and political mechanism. Our central thesis is: this period initiated a government project of securing a viable future for the nation's resources by linking them to global financial markets and international trade. This project of achieving resource security through economic circulation introduced new financial logics into forest management, as well as new modes of calculating the value and extent of the forest. These ways of framing resources found expression in the nation's PES programme that is now central to the state's goal of achieving carbon neutrality. Today, Costa Rica's carbon flows are becoming territorialised as part of the nation's atmosphere, biomass, people, and economy. This paper shows how carbon's territorialisation did not begin with a concern for the climate, nor did it occur through diffusion of global climate policy to Costa Rica. Instead, carbon's rise can be traced to locally specific ways of coping with the problem of resource security.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2000    
    Printed49    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded318    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal