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Conservation and Society
An interdisciplinary journal exploring linkages between society, environment and development
Conservation and Society
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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 196-208

Rearranging social space: Boundary-making and boundary-work in a joint forest management project, Andhra Pradesh, India

1 Forest & Landscape Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark
2 IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Correspondence Address:
Moeko Saito-Jensen
Forest & Landscape Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-4923.73809

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Since the 1990s, there has been an increasing trend in developing countries to shift from state driven approaches to Community-based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM). In order to ensure sustainability of resources, the need for creating and maintaining clear resource use boundaries has been emphasised, both theoretically and in practice. However, there has been less attention to the varied social consequences for involved villages (whose inhabitants can access resources within the new boundaries) and for excluded villages (whose inhabitants are prevented from accessing resources due to these boundaries). Drawing on a case study of three villages affected by the Joint Forest Management project in Andhra Pradesh, India, this article shows how resource use boundaries interact with social categories such as caste, gender and livelihood occupation in ways that facilitate asymmetric distribution of costs and benefits among local people. The article calls for more consultative processes in constituting new resources use boundaries and for flexible interventions to reconcile conflicts arising from boundary-making.

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