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Conservation and Society
An interdisciplinary journal exploring linkages between society, environment and development
Conservation and Society
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 141-153

Urban Environmentalism and Activists' Networks in China: The Cases of Xiangfan and Shanghai

1 Policy Studies Institute, 50 Hanson Street, London W1W 6UP, UK
2 College of Humanities and Development, China Agricultural University, No. 2, Yuanmingyuan West RD, Beijing 10094, Peoples Republic of China and International Development Studies, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen, Dierenriemstraat, 100, 9742 AK, Groningen, The Netherlands

Correspondence Address:
Lei Xie
Policy Studies Institute, 50 Hanson Street, London W1W 6UP, UK

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-4923.49208

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Despite China's repressive environment, the public, organised by environmental non-governmental or­ganisations (ENGOs), are represented in local environmental governance; their voices are articulated and policy-making is affected. Empirical findings from ENGOs in two Chinese cities demonstrate that envi­ronmental activism is not an activity with a fair degree of autonomy and self-regulation, but occupies a social space that is enmeshed in a web of interpersonal relations and informal/formal rules between po­litical and social actors. Contextual factors of economic development, openness of the political system and local culture also have impacts on movement dynamics in different locations.

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