Home       About us   Issues     Search     Submission Subscribe   Contact    Login 
Conservation and Society
An interdisciplinary journal exploring linkages between society, environment and development
Conservation and Society
Users Online: 58 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size

ARTICLE
Year : 2005  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 150-173

Quantifying Changes in Vegetation in Shrinking Grazing Areas in Africa


Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA

Correspondence Address:
Randall B Boone
1499 Campus Delivery - B234 NESB, Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, 80523-1499
USA
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Rights and Permissions

Pastoralists around the globe are being sedentarised and livestock mobility is declining. Animals once able to move about landscapes to access ephemeral green forage are being confined to small areas with fewer forage choices. The ecosystem model SAVANNA was used to quantify the effects of land subdivision and sedentarisation on vegetation traits in South Africa and Kenya. In South Africa, significant declines in high palatability green leaf biomass, annual net primary productivity, and root biomass were recorded as a 300 km 2 block of land was subdivided into parcels of 10 km 2 . In contrast, low palatability biomass measures generally increased. Woody plant populations and slow decomposing soil organic matter increased significantly, whereas surface litter declined. In southern Kajiado District, Kenya, group ranches in which livestock populations declined under subdivision showed increases in herbaceous biomass, whereas the ranch where livestock populations did not change under subdivision had less herbaceous biomass. Livestock within small parcels were food stressed in the dry season and their populations declined so that vegetation increased beyond what could be eaten in the wet season. The vegetation changes modelled led to, or reflected, significant declines in livestock. The results suggest that stakeholders should retain open access to subdivided lands to reduce loss of vegetation productivity.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed3365    
    Printed192    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded469    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal